If you are a heavy smoker and take more than 15 mg of beta-carotene per day, it may increase your risk of lung cancer and heart disease. Beta-carotene and some other carotenes in the diet are partially converted to vitamin A through absorption. In addition to this vitamin A role, beta-carotene also acts as an antioxidant in the body. Associated with the absorption of dietary fats in the small intestine.

In a controlled study, alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) and beta-carotene supplementation had no effect on the risk of large abdominal aortic aneurysms. Effects of beta-carotene supplementation, smoking, and alcohol consumption on serum carotenoids in alpha-tocopherol. Effects of oral administration of vitamin E and beta-carotene on ultraviolet-induced oxidative stress in human skin.

Lutein, lycopene, or beta-carotene supplementation had no significant effect on biomarkers of oxidative stress and low-density lipoprotein oxidation in healthy adults. Maternal intake of zinc and beta-carotene micronutrients affects infant morbidity and immune function during the first 6 months of life. Effects of β-carotene on serum vitamin A levels in erythropoietic protoporphyria. Beta-carotene is an orange-red pigment found in plants and fruits, especially carrots and colorful vegetables.
Beta-carotene is considered a vitamin A carotenoid, which means that the body can convert beta-carotene into vitamin A (retinol). The chemical formula of beta-carotene – C 40 H 56 – was discovered in 1907. Vitamin A (retinol) can be obtained from the foods we eat, such as beta-carotene or supplements. Plant carotenoids are the leading dietary source of provitamin A worldwide, and beta-carotene is the best-known provitamin A carotenoid.

Consider the difference between preformed vitamin A (found in animal foods and supplements) and provitamin A carotenoids such as beta-carotene. While a maximum allowable intake (UL) has been established for preformed vitamin A, no UL has been established for provitamin A carotenoids such as beta-carotene. People who smoke and may smoke should avoid beta-carotene and multivitamin supplements that provide more than 100% of the daily value of vitamin A from pre-formulated retinol or beta-carotene.

Instead of taking beta-carotene supplements, health experts generally recommend eating more fruits and vegetables that are rich in antioxidants and other important nutrients. In addition, studies show that a diet rich in beta-carotene-rich fruits and vegetables may be particularly effective in reducing the risk of AMD in people who smoke. May Reduce Risk of Some Cancers Research shows that a diet rich in antioxidant foods, such as beta-carotene, may help prevent certain types of cancer. Research has shown that antioxidant supplements can help prevent cognitive decline.
Vitamin E, vitamin C and beta-carotene supplementation improves basal neutrophil antioxidant enzymes in athletes. If you have higher levels of vitamin A in your blood, your body converts less beta-carotene into vitamin A. Beta-carotene keeps your lungs healthy as you age.

The β-carotene molecule can be cleaved into two molecules of provitamin A by the intestinal enzyme b, β-carotene-15,15-monooxygenase. After absorption by peripheral tissue cells, β-carotene is mainly used as a precursor to reach the retina via symmetrical cleavage by the β-carotene 15,15-dioxygenase encoded by the BC01 gene. Among carotenes, beta-carotene is characterized by the presence of beta rings at both ends of the molecule. Separation of beta-carotene from carotenoid-rich fruits is usually performed using column chromatography.

Vitamins cannot be synthesized in sufficient quantities by the animal or human body, so they must be obtained from food. Vitamins can be divided into fat-soluble (vitamins A, D, E and K) and water-soluble (vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, biotin, folic acid and vitamin C). Fat-soluble vitamin Fat-soluble vitamins include vitamins A, D, E, and K. Because they are fat-soluble, these substances can accumulate in the body, often deposited in fat cells or the liver. Dietary Supplement A dietary supplement is a concentrated source of vitamins, minerals, or other substances with nutritional or physiological effects, sold in small doses.

Malnutrition Malnutrition is a condition in which a lack of nutrients, such as energy, protein, vitamins or minerals, causes a noticeable negative effect on the body. It can also be inadequate intake of vitamins, minerals, and other micronutrients, which can affect overall health and can include obese people with poor diets. For example, long-term intake of large amounts of vitamin D can lead to calcium deposits in tissues such as the liver and kidneys, which can cause nausea and vomiting.

We need vitamin A (retinol) for healthy skin and mucous membranes, our immune system, eyes and vision. Compared to the old retinol equivalents (RE) (1µg RE = 1µg retinol, 6µg beta-carotene, or 12µg alpha-carotene or beta-carotene), RAE is more indicative of the body’s response to carotenoids absorption and conversion into vitamin A. cryptoxanthin).

A Cochrane review looked at supplementation of beta-carotene, vitamin C and vitamin E, independently and in combination, in humans to investigate differences in the risk of developing cataracts, cataract extraction, cataract progression, and slowing visual acuity loss. These studies did not find evidence of any protective effect provided by beta-carotene supplements in preventing and slowing the development of age-related cataracts. In the short term, researchers at Harvard Medical School found no difference in the risk of cognitive decline between the two groups of men, but in the long term, it became clear that beta-carotene supplementation made a significant difference.

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